Bed bugs feed on human blood and can cause skin irritation and itching. Vacuuming and steam cleaning can be effective ways to kill bed bugs and their eggs. It’s important to target the areas where they may be hiding and to properly dispose of the vacuum bag to prevent the bed bugs from spreading.
While chemical treatments can be effective, they can also have harmful side effects and leave a strong odor. If you’re looking for a more natural approach, you’re in luck! There are many safe and effective natural remedies that can help eliminate bed bugs without exposing you or your family to harmful chemicals.
In this blog post, we’ll explore the best natural remedies for bed bugs, from essential oils to common household items, and give you step-by-step instructions on how to use them.
What Are Bed Bugs?
Bed bugs are tiny insects with a reddish-brown color that feed on the blood of humans and animals. They are about the size of an apple seed and have a flat, oval-shaped body.
Bed bugs are nocturnal and typically hide in cracks and crevices during the day, coming out at night to feed.
They are known to leave behind itchy, red bite marks on the skin and can be difficult to get rid of once they have infested a home. To identify bed bugs, it’s important to look for physical signs such as the bugs themselves, their shed skins, eggs, and fecal spots.
Signs That You Have Bed Bugs
Before addressing a bed bug infestation, it’s important to confirm its presence. These pests can be hard to spot due to their small size, but there are several signs to look for. To determine if bed bugs are present in your mattress:
- Check for red or rusty stains – Bed bugs leave behind dried blood on the mattress or bedding.
- Look for egg shells – Bed bug eggs are small and light in color, so keep an eye out for tiny white or ivory specks on furniture, bedding, or carpet.
- Watch for black dots – Tiny dark stains or black dots on the bed or mattress may indicate fecal matter or the shed skin of younger bed bugs.
- Bites – Bed bugs bite at night and leave behind itchy, red bite marks on the skin.
- Fecal spots – Bed bugs leave behind tiny, dark fecal spots on sheets, mattresses, and nearby surfaces.
- Shed skins – As bed bugs grow, they shed their skins, which can be found in the same areas where they hide.
- Live bugs – Bed bugs are often found hiding in cracks and crevices near the bed or in other furniture. They are active at night and can be seen with the naked eye.
- Unpleasant odor – As the number of bed bugs in an area increases, they can produce a musty, sweet odor.
Best Natural Remedies for Bed Bugs
Effective Home Remedies for Bed Bugs To eliminate bed bugs from your home, consider these solutions:
Begin by removing any clutter and thoroughly vacuuming your entire house. This will help get rid of the bed bugs and their eggs. Focus on vacuuming upholstered furniture, mattresses, curtains, boxes, shelves, and carpets, especially in areas where bed bugs may be hiding.
Utilize the hose attachment on your vacuum cleaner to reach hidden spots.
Vinegar: A Powerful Solution
Vinegar is a highly effective solution when it comes to eradicating bed bugs. Its strong scent makes it a convenient and readily available home remedy.
It’s crucial to note that while vinegar can kill bed bugs by disrupting their nervous systems, it won’t be effective against their eggs.
To maximize its effectiveness, saturate the edges of the infested area, including underneath and around furniture, with white distilled vinegar. Then, target the bed bugs directly with the vinegar solution. This will ensure that the bed bugs cannot escape the vinegar when they attempt to flee.
Tea Tree Oil: A Safe and Effective Option
Tea tree oil is a healthier alternative to rubbing alcohol and boasts antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral properties. Unlike other options, it is not harmful to inhale, so you can spray it freely without worrying about its toxicity.
Although its strong scent may be unappealing, it acts as a strong deterrent for bed bugs and masks the odor of sweat, which bed bugs are attracted to.
For best results, use undiluted tea tree oil and spray it on your bed sheets and furniture. For those who are sensitive to its scent, diluting it with a small amount of water is an option.
Borax as a Bed Bug Solution
Borax can effectively help eliminate bed bugs from your home. To use it, simply sprinkle a generous amount of borax on the infested mattress and then spray it with water. This creates a suffocating environment for bed bugs.
Additionally, you can add borax to your washing machine when washing affected items, such as bedding, to make sure that the bed bugs are permanently eradicated.
Baking soda can be used to repel bed bugs. By spreading it over infected areas, you can create an environment that is inhospitable to the pests, as baking soda dries them out.
This method is not effective in killing bed bugs, but it can provide temporary relief until you can use a more powerful solution. After spreading baking soda, it will need to be vacuumed up, which may be inconvenient.
Hot water is a powerful tool in the fight against bed bugs. To effectively kill bed bugs, it’s important to wash infested bedding, blankets, and clothing in hot water, as long as the items can handle the heat.
The intense heat will dehydrate the bed bugs, leading to their death.
Additionally, running the items through a hot dryer cycle can provide another round of heat treatment and further reduce the chances of bed bugs surviving.
Peppermint leaves work like lavender oil and leaves repelling bed bugs. Use the same methods, and remember to replace old leaves with fresh ones frequently and vacuum up any old leaves until the bed bug problem is resolved.
(D.E.) is a popular option for bed bug treatment as it has proven to be highly effective, killing over 90% of bed bugs. It’s also budget-friendly and simple to apply, just sprinkle the powdered form into any cracks or crevices where bed bugs may hide.
The only drawback is that it may take up to 10 days to show results. To use, cover the infested areas with 100% D.E. and wait a few days.
Gradually, you should see dead bed bugs that can be vacuumed away. Repeat the process until all bed bugs are gone.
Cayenne Pepper, Oregano, and Ginger
The combination of cayenne pepper, oregano, and ginger can serve as a repellent for bed bugs. This method doesn’t kill the pests, but the spicy nature of cayenne and ginger and the strong scent of oregano oil can help control them.
To make this solution, mix 1 teaspoon each of cayenne pepper, oregano essential oil, and grated ginger with 1 cup of water.
Boil the mixture for 7 minutes, strain, and transfer to a spray bottle. Spray the solution on potential entry points in rooms that may have bed bugs.
bed bugs can be a real nightmare, but there’s no need to worry! With the information and tips we’ve shared above, you’ll be well on your way to getting rid of these pests once and for all. From chemical treatments to natural remedies, you can choose the method that works best for you and your home.
Remember, persistence is key when it comes to tackling bed bugs, so stay diligent and keep treating them until they’re gone for good. And don’t forget to take preventative measures to keep them from coming back.